Trends in In-Vehicle-Experience (IVE)

Consumers expect to interact with their in-vehicle infotainment system in a similar way to how they interact with their smart phones, tablets and gaming systems. Additionally, new driver assisting functions continue to be integrated into the traditional infotainment system. Increasingly powerful SoC’s and components such as FPGAs are required to develop new ECUs to implement the functions and features that enable auto makers to keep up with the latest consumer and safety trends.
 
Within the infotainment system we are seeing:
 
  • An increase in visual presentations. There are more displays, higher resolution displays, unique surfaces and even projection based systems that are enhancing the vehicles cockpit for drivers and passengers.
  • The addition of unique features such as gesture, speech and voice recognition as well as ADAS features such as Driver Moniroting System, Lane Departure Warning and Blind Spot Detection

Intel FPGAs are enabling designers to keep up with trends in IVE and enable the design of advanced systems with unique features. With the evolution of the In-Vehicle Experience, it’s now all about the ride!

The FPGA Advantage

Automotive infotainment systems are an integral part of modern vehicle design and greatly influence global vehicle sales. You need to continually create compelling new technology that both rivals and complements the latest consumer devices while keeping up with the pace of product obsolescence common in consumer electronics.

By using Intel® FPGAs as an I/O companion, you can support any combination of I/O interfaces. You may  leverage the FPGA as an efficient  in-vehicle Gateway, or a coprocessor to offload certain functions from your host main processor such as camera image signal processing and related fucntions. With an FPGA, your system becomes easily scalable, enabling you to upgrade firmware on the fly to support multiple manufacturers, regions, and models with minimum changes to the hardware.

I/O Companion FPGAs with their unique flexibility provide an ideal customized I/O Companion to extend the system processor feature set to meet the OEMs platform requirements. The FPGA could function as a secure In-Vehicle Gateway, expand the SOC’s camera and display interfaces & functions, provide additional automotive bus interfaces such as CAN, or provide simple functions like 3V3 level shifting.
Deploy Proprietary Algorithms Due to their programmable nature, FPGAs allow special, unique or even last-minute OEM requests to be integrated into the system. FPGAs enable engineers to deploy proprietary algorithms and features and keep them secure. 
Field Updateable FPGAs are field updatable and enable OEMs and Suppliers to keep pace with evolving standards, enhance deployed functions, increase / update security, or perhaps releasing mid-deployment “upgrade features” via a service call or even via an over-the-air upgrade.  Systems with FPGAs have hardware and software freedom.

FPGA Applications in IVE

Head Units

IO Expansion

Video Connectivity

Consumer Electronics Connectivity

Clusters/HUD

Video Processing

Safety Features

Interface Bridging

Gateways

Interface Expansion

Security Functions

ADAS L1/L2 Assisting Functions

RSE

Video Aggregation

Video Processing

System Control

Common Connectivity and Graphics IP for Infotainment

Connectivity IP Source
CAN Bosch, CAST, IFI
LIN Bosch, CAST
DisplayPort ALTERA MegaCore 
OpenLDI (LVDS) ALTERA MegaFunction - ALTLVDS, SoftLVDS
PCI Express® (PCIe® ) ALTERA Hard IP (select devices)
USB 3.0 SLS Corp.
DisplayPort Bitec
Graphics IP Source
Video and Image Processing (VIP) Suite
  • Scaler
  • Deinterlacer
  • Color space converter
  • 2D finite impulse response (FIR) filter
  • 2D median filter
  • Alpha blender
ALTERA (suite of 18 video and image processing IP)
2D/3D Graphics, HMI, Video IO TES
Video and Graphics Imagem Technology
Video CODEC CAST
H.264 CAST, Jointwave