JPEG-E-S: Baseline JPEG Encoder

Block Diagram

Solution Type: IP Core

End Market: Automotive, Broadcast, Computer & Storage, Consumer, Industrial, Medical, Military, Test & Measurement

Evaluation Method: OpenCore, OpenCore Plus

Technology: DSP: Video and Image Processing

Arria Series: Arria 10, Arria V, Arria 10 SoC, Arria V SoC

Cyclone Series: Cyclone IV, Cyclone V, Cyclone V SoC

MAX Series: MAX 10

Stratix Series: Stratix IV, Stratix V


Supported Device Family: 

Solution Type: 


This IP core supports the Baseline Sequential DCT mode of the ISO/IEC 10918-1 standard. It implements an area-efficient, high-performance, hardware JPEG encoder with very low processing latency. The JPEG-E-S Encoder produces compressed JPEG images and the video payload for Motion-JPEG container formats. It accepts images with 8-bit color samples and up to four color components, in all widely-used color subsampling formats. The encoder processes one color sample per clock cycle, enabling it to compress multiple Full-HD channels even in low-cost FPGAs. One of the smallest JPEG encoders available, it synthesizes to about 3,500 ALMs. The core operates without any assistance from the host processors, and uses AXI-stream interfaces for pixel and stream data, and a 32-bit APB slave interface for registers access.


  • Standards: ISO/IEC 10918-1 Baseline Sequential DCT modes
  • Input format: 8bit per color, up to 4 color-components in all widely used subsampling format, and resolution up to 64kx64k
  • Fully programmable markers and ending options: up to 4 Huffman Tales, up to 4 Quantization tables, APP, COM, and Restart marker segments.
  • Rate control optionally supported. Bit rate is regulated on either each frame basis or over a number of frames (suitable for video streaming).
  • Performance and Size: One color-sample per cycle, and about 3.5k ALMs. Fits even in small Max10 devices

Device Utilization and Performance

The JPEG-E-S core can be mapped to any Altera Device (provided sufficient silicon resources are available) and optimized to suit the particular project’s requirements. The size of the core depends on its configuration. Under its default configuration it occupies approximately 3,500 ALMs, 4 DSPs and 50Kbits of memory, and can process 1080p60 in 4:2:2 format on Arria 10 device. Under the same configuration the core can process 1080p30 in 4:2:2 format on Max 10 devices. Please contact CAST to discuss resource utilization and performance for your application and target device.

Getting Started

Contact CAST at to arrange for a core evaluation

IP Quality Metrics

Year IP was first released2016
Latest version of Quartus supported15.1
Altera Customer Use
IP has been successfully implemented in production with at least one customerY

Customer deliverables include the following:

  • Design file (encrypted source code or post-synthesis netlist)
  • Simulation model for ModelSim Altera edition
  • Timing and/or layout constraints
  • Testbench or design example
  • Documentation with revision control
  • Readme file
Any additional customer deliverables provided with IP
Bit Accurate Software Model
Parameterization GUI allowing end user to configure IPN
IP core is enabled for OpenCore Plus SupportY
Source language
Testbench languageVerilog
Software drivers providedN
Driver OS supportNot required
User InterfaceAXI
IP-XACT Metadata includedN
Simulators supportedModelsim, Questa, NCSIM
Hardware validated Y. Altera Board Name ArriaV-GX Devkit
Industry standard compliance testing performed
If No, is it planned?N
IP has undergone interoperability testing
Interoperability reports available  N

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